Very commonly we have seen and felt the symptoms like, butterflies in stomach, heart racing and heart pounding, feeling hot without any reason, these all symptoms come under an umbrella and form a psychological disorder called Anxiety. It’s a fear of something that is about to happen. For some there might be miniature reasons to give them goosebumps and to some those same reasons wouldn’t even make a difference. The degree of variance differs.
Anxiety is pretty common when a person is doing something whose outcome they fear. Questions like what will happen next? What if I mess this up? These are counter questions as a result of the Anxiety which a person suffers. This feeling doesn’t calm the person on the other hand it hypes them up. The butterflies of doing something new for the very first time or giving the interview, giving a presentation in front of seniors can be intimidating for that moment only because when the situation passes the feeling also passes by.
When a person stops setting foot out of their house for weeks because the fear kicks in of being in crowded places, sometimes it reminds them of past traumatic events. This is when some of the symptoms are visible and it can be diagnosed as a disorder because now the feeling and the fear is affecting the life, social circle, environment and the individual itself.
Anxiety disorder has a wide spectrum which covers many other disorders itself which are related to Anxiety itself. One of the first is GAD (Generalized Anxiety Disorder) in which the worrying is at its peak for at least 6 months which affects the social interactions of the patient as well as the environment. The most common and visible symptoms are feeling restless, muscle tension, being irritated easily, not being able to concentrate properly and difficulty in sleeping. The second disorder which accompanies Anxiety is known as Panic Disorder. A person suffering from panic disorder can suffer from panic attacks merely in seconds and can reach at its peak in no time. The panic attacks can be triggered by some stimuli like a fearful object or a situation. The panic attacks are the repercussions of something the patient fears or has encountered in the past or some situation the patient is facing for the first time.
These panic attacks occur when the patient is either very happy or very sad due to the emotional imbalance. Young patients who when told by the doctor that something bad will happen, start weeping as the thought to them is very unsettling itself.
During Panic disorder the symptoms which are visible are sweating, trembling along with hand shaking, sometimes the feel of impending doom and being out of control. A person who has suffered from a panic disorder is constantly worried and thinks about the next panic attack;
As a result the person avoids situations and places isolating them to a limited place only.
There are many other conditions which come under the radar of Anxiety Disorder; Phobias, Paranoia and compulsions are one of them in which firstly the person fears situations and people for example the fear of heights, animals, darkness, reptiles and most commonly insects. On the other hand, compulsions are behaviors displayed by the person as a reaction to the stress. Some patients complain about their fear of not being able to enter the trains as it makes them feel claustrophobic but they still move ahead and try to counter attack their fear, as a result they start having sweaty hands, twitchy palms etc. One family member of the child suffering from anxiety said that as she (the patient) comes back from school, her socks are drenched in sweat. In this condition the school environment is acting like the anxiety stressor which also gives unbearable headaches for long durations. These feelings are very common and felt by each and every one of us. People think that this is a reaction, this is an alarm from your brain that it can’t take stress. Nothing to be worried about these symptoms have a solution which is relaxation therapy by a psychologist and introspecting your fears. Visiting a mental health expert is a stigma in India but it is okay to seek help when required.
The rehabilitation and the cure of the Anxiety Disorder can be done both with the Psychotherapies and with Medicines. A person suffering from Anxiety disorder needs to get in touch with a psychologist as soon as the symptoms start occurring more often and for a proper diagnosis.
A professional is always required because self diagnosis is not the exact treatment or the requirement of the disorder. The therapies help in reducing the symptoms and restore the confidence of the person to face their fears. Medications are also given to some patients but with time they are reduced noticing the recovery of the person.