Mood refers to state of mind or feeling that may last from a few minutes to several weeks. Fluctuations in mood are also common. Like you may be ecstatic today as you received a promotion or came first in class but the day before you were angry as you got late for work . However if your mood is inconsistent with your circumstances and interferes with your daily functioning ,then you might be suffering from a mood disorder. Though there are many different subtypes, but in general three major mood disorder exist :
Depression: Depression is a mood condition characterized by the feelings of sadness, grief, hopelessness and loneliness. We all are plagued by the bouts of sadness from time to time. However, if they persist for a long period of time and start to interfere with daily functioning then the diagnosis of depression is made.
Bipolar disorder: It is a mood condition characterized by the severe high and low mood changes. The mood highs and lows resemble the two opposite poles. While people are energetic, overly excited, confident, impulsive and reckless.in the high phase they are sad, irritated and hopeless in the low phase. The transitions in the mood do not follow a set pattern.
Anxiety: Sometimes mood disturbances can also occur because of anxiety. Remember the sickening feeling in the stomach before the exams or before going on the stage. This is the classic example of anxiety which refers to feelings of apprehension and worry in response to a stressful situation. However, if you are constantly plagued by overwhelming worry and fears that are disrupting your daily life than the diagnosis for anxiety disorder is made
OCD – Obsessive compulsive disorder is a condition arising out of anxiety characterized by the presence of unwanted thoughts or impulses and the urge to perform some action repetitively like repetitive hand washing, checking and rechecking the locks etc.The presence of the obsessions or the compulsive actions causes extreme distress to the person, is time consuming and interferes with every sphere of their life. Neelam Mishra has received specialized training in OCD diagnosis and treatment from NIMHANS, Bangalore.