Learning Disability evaluation
Learning disability is an umbrella term encompassing the problems faced in reading, writing, mathematics etc by a person. The signs and symptoms and their degree vary in individuals. Some may be excellent in language but may experience difficulty in mathematics whereas others may find trouble writing. Learning disabilities are very common and are not a general indicator of a person’s intellectual competence. Some of the common learning disabilities are:
Dyslexia – It is the most common type of learning disability that affects a person’s ability to read. People have trouble processing the words making it hard for them to spell, write or speak them clearly. Their intelligence and vision is normal but they face difficulty connecting the sounds they make to the letters.
Dyscalculia- This type of learning difficulty affects a person’s ability to do mathematics. Individuals have trouble understanding, memorizing and organizing numbers. They have trouble counting, telling time, and comprehending math’s facts.
Dysgraphia- This type of learning affects a person’s fine motor skills and handwriting ability. They may have trouble spelling, thinking and writing simultaneously, poor spatial planning on paper and may have illegible writing.
Parents may be able to recognize early if their child is facing trouble in reading, writing or mathematics.
When diagnosed early, strategies can be taught to the child on how to cope up with the difficulties experienced and to excel in the field.